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It’s time for a Voluntary Assisted Dying Law in 2017

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Nia's story about her Dad, Greg Sims

Friends, my story will take about four minutes to read. I’m asking you to be brave enough to read about what it was like for me, personally, to be with a man I loved while he died a slow, horrific death in hospital.

I ask this of you right now because, very soon, Victorian Parliament will be allowed a conscience vote on a new, humane law.

If passed, this law would allow people much greater choice over the manner of their death.

I hope that sharing Dad’s story with you might motivate you to remind your state MP of the importance of this law. 

Dad was 56 when, as a family, we watched, helplessly, his horrific experience of what is known as "palliative sedation" when he died in hospital of brain cancer. Now, my own severe chronic illness, scleroderma, means that I am shadowed by the prospect of a similar fate.

Dad was a blonde, ridiculously handsome tradesman with impressive biceps. He had a terrific sense of humour – the dog he adopted was called Woody because it loved to chew up his firewood.

Dad and I would talk on the phone every fortnight or so… pretty much the same conversation each time, but with a lot of love.

“How’s your car going, love?”

“Good, Dad. It’s a great little car. How’s Woody?”

“He’s good, good…”

Dad was a very fit bloke, a tree lopper by trade. One summer day, after he fell over and hit his head in the back yard, a CAT scan revealed a large terminal brain cancer.

He endured traumatic treatments (surgery, radiation and chemotherapy), over a period of nine months but ultimately began to die. A palliative care service supported him as we cared for him at home. 

Eventually he lost the power of speech, had difficulty swallowing and became incontinent. As a family we were struggling to keep it together emotionally.

There came a point when it became impossible for us to give him care at home so he was admitted to a major hospital. My sister, who had a young baby, came in to see him, as did my brother, who was working long hours trying to start a business.

His agitation worsened over time - he couldn’t keep still, he couldn’t speak, his eyes were wide and watery. At times, he tried to climb over the cot sides of the bed to try to get to the toilet, even though he had a catheter in (having a catheter often makes you feel like you need to urinate).

He was unable to eat anything and he was very thirsty. No-one put up any IV fluids. Mum and I found that, for a while, we were able to feed him tablespoons of lemonade. It was heartbreaking to watch him sipping at it as though it might save his life, but of course, my strongman of a dad was as dehydrated as hell.

A nurse would come in with sachets of mouth cleaner and big swabs, and, while they tried to explain to Dad what they were doing, the nurse would hold his jaw while he tried to resist, and swab out his mouth while he writhed.

I had never nursed anyone through palliative sedation – end-of-life care was outside my area of experience. As well as morphine skin patches, Dad was given injections of morphine under the skin every two hours or so for pain relief and increasingly for sedation.

When Dad became so agitated that not even one-to-one nursing could keep him from physically struggling, he was sedated over and over again to the point of fitful unconsciousness.

His sleep was restless, full of jerking limbs and garbled sounds. Every couple of hours, he would start to moan loudly and try to pull on his catheter.

At these times, he would surface to wide-eyed consciousness, thirsty, crusty at the corners of his mouth, staring at me with what I knew was terror; he’d grip my hand so hard it hurt. I’d press the buzzer and there would be more mouth care with swabs, and then another shot would put him out.

It was mainly Mum and I who took it in turns, holding and rocking him as he sunk back in to semi-consciousness or sleep punctuated by groans and twitching.

I didn’t know whether he could hear us talking to him. Eventually, the rattling chest of pneumonia kicked in. Pneumonia is sometimes called the "old man’s friend". Dad was 56.

The night before he died, I was with him in the evening. The increasing mucus in his chest was causing regular coughing and choking fits, which meant that nurses would hold him down and hold his face still so they could suction out his throat and upper airway of mucus - very distressing, very loud suctioning. 

When I’d taken over from Mum that afternoon, she was looking haggard, her red and glassy eyes gave away that she was crying a lot. I decided that I’d stay with him overnight. By late in the evening, I felt was coping in a kind of ghostly dissociative way.

I was acutely unwell from my autoimmune disease and physically and emotionally exhausted. But so was Mum. I made an educated guess that Dad had perhaps another 24 hours in him – I thought I’d let Mum go home for a proper sleep. Then, I thought we might both be there for staff handover and I planned to discuss with the staff an increase in his meds.

There was just enough room for me and Dad to lie on the bed and spoon for short periods, but he was jerking and kicking a lot. 

I rocked him, softly sang our childhood songs, like "You Are My Sunshine" and "Morningtown Ride". I whispered, “It’s me, Dad, I’m here, I love you, Dad” and “you can let go now, Dad”.

I cried silently and pressed the buzzer every two hours, sometimes every hour. I noticed his breathing become shallower, spongier, louder, with the occasional big gasp for air, which would become a choking fit.

In the early hours of the morning, I was in physical agony and had blurred vision. I called Mum – she was there within half an hour.

I am so glad I phoned her. It was she who was beside him, holding his hand and talking to him, when he finally slipped into a deep but noisy unconsciousness and then finally stopped breathing.

None of us should have had to go through that. As a family, it’s an understatement to say we were traumatised. I feel a lot of pain and regret that I didn’t explain to Dad what to expect when he died. He had been so frightened of the dying process.

While he still had the power of speech, he didn’t initiate any talking about it, and to my great regret, neither did I. I also carry some guilt because I didn’t push the doctors to increase his dosage sooner – but I know I was in a state of trauma and not thinking clearly. 

Scleroderma is unpredictable. Organ complications could have me being a terminal patient at any time in the future. It could be soon, it could be later. It’s more likely that I’ll have a slow death, not a quick one. I’m terrified of going through Dad’s experience, and I don’t want my family to have to go through it either. I don’t intend to let it happen to me.

Sitting down to write this has been enormously challenging to my mind and heart. It has been like re-living the experience, but I needed to do it now. For myself, for my dad and for the overwhelming majority (more than 75%) of Victorians who support assisted dying.

Very soon, a bill of law will be put to a conscience vote by Victorian Parliamentarians. If successful, the passing of this new, humane law will offer Victorians who are suffering untreatably, at the end of life, a legal option to end their suffering peacefully, with the help of their doctors, if or when they are ready.

I wish Dad had access to that choice. I want to have that choice if I become terminally ill and there’s no other way I can be helped. I want all Victorians to have that choice.

 

Nia Sims

August 2017

 

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